Climate change is now considered the greatest environmental threat of the 21st century, constituting a transversal concern to the planet. These changes may cause a set of impacts on the municipal territory, both in terms of its ecological functioning, as well as in the daily human activities and built structures and infrastructures, as dimensions that compose it.

In this alarming scenario, the municipality of Lisbon is now reaffirming its involvement through a Climate Change Adaptation Strategy (EMAAC). EMAAC intends to face this important challenge of the 21st century with consequences at all levels, to which city planning and management will have to give concrete answers.

Building a City resilient to Climate Change: prepared for the future, adapted in the present!

The response should be aimed at:

  • in the present and in the medium term, the occurrence of excessive precipitation and winter storms, with rain and strong wind, constitute the greatest risks;
  • in the long run, at the end of the century, high temperatures will be the biggest threat.


Improve the level of knowledge about climate change, as a basis for adaptation policies, based on the continuous deepening of knowledge and monitoring.

Adopt adaptation measures through specific objectives, outlined according to programmatic lines in each strategic axis of this EMAAC.

Promote the integration of adaptation in sectoral policies, promoted through actions and projects developed within the scope of urban planning, urban management and governance.

Strengthen partnerships between public and private entities and bodies responsible for city management.

Specifically, the strategic vision for Lisbon in the face of climate change is built along three strategic axes, outlined in an operational aspect, allowing a transversal intervention in the areas of territorial planning, operational management and governance.

Axis A – Adapting the city to climate change: “making the most of the water” and adapting the territory to the heat:

  • Think on a metropolitan scale and prepare local action
  • Deepen knowledge: characteristics and vulnerabilities of the city
  • Redesign the Landscape and enhance the water cycle
  • Consider the wind in the design of the city
  • Boost energy efficiency in buildings
  • Ensure the resilience of the riverside subsystem
  • Continue to mitigate adaptation

Axis B – Promoting intelligent and integrated management for a more resilient city:

  • Streamline information sharing
  • Adapt the management of green infrastructure
  • Reinforce the presence of green infrastructure in the most densely built urban fabrics
  • Increase the resilience of public space to the wind
  • Optimize urban management to “make the most of the water”
  • Promote urban rehabilitation as an instrument of resilience
  • Foster integrated management at the AML scale

Axis C – Involve the community for participatory citizenship and promote collective training:

  • Develop citizenship and create participation networks
  • Involve key actors
  • Articulate with the Parish Councils (JF) and AML
  • Increase a culture of transversality in the Municipality